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PEACE in Action

The Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice for the 21st Century


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Promoting International Peace
The Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice for the 21st Century

The Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice in the 21st Century was the principal outcome of The Hague Appeal for Peace Conference which took place May 11-15, 1999. The document is organized around 4 main themes and offers 50 areas for international action:

Root Causes of War/Culture of Peace

  1. Educate for Peace, Human Rights, and Democracy
  2. Counter the Adverse Effect of Globalization
  3. Advance the Sustainable and Equitable Use of Environmental Resources
  4. Eradicate Colonialism and Neocolonialism
  5. Eliminate Racial, Ethnic, Religious, and Gender Intolerance
  6. Promote Gender Justice
  7. Protect and Respect Children and Youth
  8. Promote International Democracy and Just Global Governance
  9. Proclaim Active Non-Violence
  10. Eliminate Communal Violence at the Local Level
  11. Enlist World Religions in Transforming the Culture of Violence into a Culture of Peace and Justice

International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and Institutions

  1. Advance the Global Campaign for the Establishment of the International Criminal Court
  2. Encourage Close Cooperation Between the Converging Fields of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law
  3. Reinforce Support for the International Tribunals
  4. Enforce Universal Jurisdiction for Universal Crimes Building Upon the Pinochet Precedent
  5. Reform and Expand the Role of the International Court of Justice in the Context of a More Comprehensive System of Global Justice
  6. Strengthen Protection of and Provide Reparation for the Victims of Armed Conflict
  7. End Violence Against Women in Times of Armed Conflict
  8. Stop the Use of Child Soldiers
  9. Help Victims to Hold Abusers Accountable Under International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law
  10. Protect Human Rights Defenders, Humanitarian Workers, and Whistle-blowers
  11. Train Grassroots Organizations to Use National, Regional, and International Mechanisms in the Enforcement of International Law
  12. Provide Increased Knowledge, Teaching and Understanding of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law
  13. Integrate Human Rights Protections into Conflict Prevention, Resolution and Post-Conflict Reconstruction
  14. Build Upon the Successes and Failures of Truth Commissions and Political Amnesties
  15. Establish a Universal and Effective System of Habeas Corpus
  16. Subject War-making to Democratic Controls

Prevention, Resolution, and Transformation of Violent Conflict

  1. Strengthen Local Capacities
  2. Strengthen the United Nation's Capacity to Maintain Peace
  3. Prioritize Early Warning and Early Response
  4. Promote the Training of Civilian Police Professionals
  5. Refine the Use of Sanctions
  6. Strengthen Mechanisms for Humanitarian Intervention
  7. Engender Peace Building
  8. Empower Young People
  9. Support Unrepresented Peoples' Rights to Self-Determination
  10. Strengthen Coalition-Building Between Civil Society Organizations
  11. Strengthen Regional and Sub-Regional Capacities for Peace
  12. Mainstream Multi-Track Diplomacy
  13. Utilize the Media as a Protective Tool for Peacebuilding
  14. Promote the Conflict Impact Assessment of Policies

Disarmament and Human Security

  1. Implement a Global Plan to Prevent War
  2. Demilitarize the Global Economy by Reducing Military Budgets and Shifting Resources Toward Human Security Programs
  3. Negotiate and Ratify an International Treaty to Eliminate Nuclear Weapons
  4. Prevent Proliferation and Use of Conventional Weapons, Including Light Weapons, Small Arms and Guns, and Safeguard Personal Security
  5. Ratify and Implement the Landmine Ban Treaty
  6. Prevent the Development and Use of New Weapons and New Military Techniques, Including a Ban on Depleted Uranium and the Deployment of Weapons in Space
  7. Encourage the Universal Adherence to and Implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention
  8. Hold States and Corporations Accountable for the Impact of Military Production, Testing, and Use on the Environment and Health
  9. Build a Civil Movement for the Abolition of War
Ploughshares sculpture

"Let Us Beat Our Swords Into Ploughshares" is a gift from the Soviet Union to the United Nations, installed in the UN north garden in 1959. Sculptor Evgeniy Vuchetich created the nine-foot bronze statue.

The Hague Conference launched seven key initiatives:

  • International Action Network on Small Arms
  • Global Campaign for Peace Education
  • Global Ratification Campaign for the
  • International Criminal Court
  • International Campaign to Ban Landmines
  • Abolition of Nuclear Weapons
  • Global Action to Prevent War
  • Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

To find out about other initiatives of The Hague Appeal for Peace, contact its offices in New York City, Geneva, the Hague, and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA or visit the Hague Appeal for Peace website.


The best defense of peace is not power, but the removal of the causes of war, and international agreements which will put peace on a stronger foundation than the terror of destruction.

—Hon. Lester B. Pearson
(Former Prime Minister of Canada)


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